Similar to the working alliance, the perceived quality of the real relationship was related to using more methods to prepare the patients to the transition (r = .18, p < .05) and perceived positive patient experience (r = .24, p < .01). Age, years of clinical experience, number of patients seen weekly before the pandemic, previous video therapy experience, and views of video therapy before the pandemic were not associated with the perceived quality of alliance or the real relationship in online sessions.
Professional mind-question and you will stress
On average, therapists experienced professional self-doubt sometimes or frequently (M = 2.41, SD = .67, range: 1.11–4.78) in video therapy during the pandemic, which is higher than the level of self-doubt experienced by therapists in a prior naturalistic study of PSD (Nissen-Lie et al., 2013 ; t(136) = , p < .0001), but still on the lower end of the 5-point Likert scale. Therapists felt less competent (M = 2.28, SD = .52, range: 1.00–3.00) and less confident (M = 2.15, SD = .56, range: 1.00–3.00) about their professional skills during online compared to in-person sessions. Higher levels of reported professional self-doubt were related to several demographic variables, such as younger age (r = ?.34, p < .001), less clinical experience (r = ?.33, p < .001), and worse perceived patient experience (r = ?.36, p < .001).
Therapists’ anxiety about using video therapy was moderate (M = 2.87, S.D. = .86, range: 1.00–4.83). Similar to professional self-doubt, higher anxiety was associated with female gender (t(137) = 3.24, p < .05), younger age (r = ?.30, p < .001), less clinical experience (r = ?.36, p < .001), smaller number of patients before the pandemic (r = ?.18, p < .05), no previous experience with video therapy (t(138) = 3.63, p < .001), not being licensed yet (t(136) = 3.28, p < .001), perceiving patients as having a negative video therapy experience (r = .27, p < .001).
Overall in our sample, therapists reported somewhat positive attitudes towards video therapy (M = 3.42, SD = 0.50, range: 2.31–4.69). Although their views about video therapy had become more positive since the start of the pandemic (t(140) = 2.06, p < .05); they still thought that video therapy was somewhat less effective compared to in-person therapy (M = 2.19, SD = 0.65, range: 1.00–4.00).
Therapists who held more positive attitudes towards video therapy tended to have previous experience with video therapy (t(142) = 3.53, p < .05) and to have positive perceptions of their patients' online experience (r = .30, p < .001). Higher rated working alliance and real relationship were associated with more positive attitudes towards video therapy (r = ?.34, p < .001 and r = ?.40, p < .001, respectively) whereas professional self-doubt was associated with more negative attitudes (r = ?.34, p < .001).
The sample of therapists as a whole was undecided as to whether they would like to continue using video therapy in the future (i.e. expressed a neutral response on the UTUAT Behavior Intention subscale), with large differences among therapists (M = 3.14, SD = 1.23, range: 1.00–5.00). Therapists who intended to use video therapy in the future were more likely to have prior experience with video therapy (t(138) = 2.91, p < .01), and tended to have positive perceptions of their patients' online experience (r = .32, p < .001).
See Desk step 1 getting an introduction to the latest correlations between your standardized strategies. Brand new relational, professional and you will tech-relevant scales was synchronised in the asked direction. Specifically, ratings to your actual relationships and working alliance was undoubtedly coordinated, and you will top-notch mind-question and you can nervousness was indeed absolutely connected with both but negatively into claimed doing work alliance and you will real dating, showing that practitioners which have lower levels out-of elite group self-question and you can anxiety said a more powerful working alliance and real relationship with the on the internet people inside the pandemic. Brand new attitudes toward and intent to make use of videos medication on upcoming had been surely in the reviews of the doing work local hookup app Columbia alliance, and genuine dating, and you may negatively regarding top-notch mind-doubt and you will anxiety (discover Desk step one).
In the modern mix-sectional survey research, i lined up to explore therapists’ experiences off video treatment making the switch out of within the-individual films instruction within the pandemic. Even more especially, we tested: 1) Specialist thinking of your own therapeutic relationship (functioning alliance and you may genuine matchmaking) when you look at the videos lessons than the previous from inside the-people medication; 2) Specialist trust inside the elite ability (elite group thinking-doubt) and you will educated anxiety linked to providing video clips procedures; 3) Specialist attitudes into the movies procedures tech overall, plus intends to continue using films procedures in the upcoming.
To the expose test, the inner structure estimate are Cronbach’s ? = .86. To evaluate the newest educated improvement in the real relationship since the change to movies cures, the second item is additional: “As compared to into the-people lessons, inside my on the internet sessions new healing relationship felt … ” getting replied to your good about three-part Likert scale (1 = much more authentic compared to-people, dos = the same, 3 = quicker authentic than in-person).
Women reported higher working alliance in online sessions compared to men (t(137) = 2.18, p < .05), licensed practitioners reported higher alliance score than trainees (t(136) = 2.33, p < .05), and practitioners in North America (USA and Canada) compared to those in Europe (t(137) = 2.08, p < .05). Within the sample, higher online alliance was also reported by those who used a greater variety of methods (as opposed to fewer methods) to prepare patients for the transition (r = .26, p < .01), and those who perceived their patients' experience with video therapy more positively (as opposed to less positively) (r = .32, p < .001).